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What Kind of Public Chain Does Islamic Finance need?

What Kind of Public Chain Does Islamic Finance need?

https://preview.redd.it/l3nbphm2lc131.png?width=965&format=png&auto=webp&s=9a1c2dae2af1c898134be1bb64144fa21c07b8d5
Introduction
The first discussion of the HLC technology community in early May ignited a response to DAG (directed acyclic) technology among public chain enthusiasts around the world. One of the ideas is very appealing: BLOCK DAG is the ideal expansion solution for Bitcoin founder Nakamoto. In that community discussion, the classical blockchain consensus POW (PROOF OF WORK) was re-emphasized with the confidence and legitimacy of technology. In the past few years, POS (PROOF OF STAKE) has been set as the future direction in the global technical media, as if the classical consensus has died, just like in a country’s constitutional structure, the referendum must be given to the members. The same as the agent. When the HLC technical team decided to develop the public chain, it adhered to the values ​​of a classic blockchain consensus and wrote it into the foundation’s extended charter. On May 18th, at the second salon of the HLC Public Chain Technology Community of the Star Blockchain Project in 2019, the DAG’s mixed agreement was the most invented. It answers another business question: What kind of public chain does the global Islamic financial asset need? Quite simply, HLC is to contribute such a public chain to Islamic finance. This simple ideal is very difficult to implement. This is why the HLC public chain has to propose a classic blockchain setting, that is, we want to make a new definition of the transaction-level public chain in our mind, so it finally determines the direction of the Block DAG. In addition, according to the characteristics of Islamic finance, HLC provides a set of public chain solutions that are more suitable for Islamic financial scenarios. This is why HLC finally chose a UTXO-based trading model instead of a more popular one. The account model of the smart contract.
What is the HLC public chain? In fact, before answering the HLC public chain, the most important thing is to answer the HLC public chain first. Because HLC’s technology selection is based entirely on values ​​and its own philosophy, the final selection will be different from the hot technology of packaging at the moment. The community has discussed this matter in particular. HLC public chain is not a network under the PoS consensus In the past two years, under the impetus of commercial interests, the classic PoW has been criticized for its huge energy consumption. Some projects have even formed the emergence of PoS for insider related transactions, which seems to naturally represent “political correctness”. The HLC community and technical team are optimistic about the development of PoS and its application in specific scenarios. However, as a public chain, HLC pays great attention to the openness of the network and the fair value foundation. At present, the solution under the PoS consensus still does not solve this problem very well.
HLC is not a layer of smart contracts Now, BlockDAG’s protocol has solved the problem of full sequence of transactions, which can provide a basis for supporting a layer of smart contracts. The “one-level smart contract” here refers to the Ethereum-based smart contract that can be supported at the public chain level based on the ledger model. In fact, the HLC public chain integrates the PHANTOM protocol that supports linear ordering of transactions, and is a smart contract that can implement one layer. HLC also had a heated discussion within the technical team on whether it needed to support a layer of smart contracts. At that time, the reason for integrating a layer of smart contracts seems to be sufficient, and it has more application scalability. Especially after the success of Ethereum, smart contracts become an entry option for the new public chain, and have strong confidence for users. Boost the effect. However, whenever there is a major technical direction decision, HLC will return to thinking from a philosophical point of view, and complex problems become very simple. In the trade-off between smart contracts, the HLC technical team believes that HLC’s public chain is designed for Islamic finance as a unique financial system. It needs to integrate the value of huge Islamic finance, so positioning should be a value circulation. The internet. Therefore, ensuring the public chain is simple, efficient and stable is the primary goal. Although Block DAG has provided higher throughput than the blockchain, it can carry value-for-traffic services for a long time, but if you want to carry complex and varied application scenarios, BlockDAG will have a lot of pressure. I believe many people It is still fresh in the memory of the Ethereum’s congestion in the Ethereum.
The HLC underlying public chain is not for application services. Therefore, in the architecture design of HLC, the underlying public chain is never for application services, but for value circulation and value assignment services, so we need a free, fair, safe and efficient public chain, which is the classic area we advocate. Block chain settings. However, for the need to apply this piece, we think it is more suitable to achieve through the smart contract under the chain. In applying this layer of consensus agreements, considering that there are more connections with business scenarios, HLC will adopt a more relaxed strategy. Therefore, in each application, it is possible to select a consensus protocol that is more suitable for itself according to its own business needs, and it is not necessary to strictly follow the classical blockchain setting, so PoS, and even PoA-like DPoS can have a good space for display.
Block DAG hybrid protocol The positioning of the HLC’s underlying public chain is a value circulation network, so the classic mature UTXO transaction book model is the best choice. UTXO’s ledger is a DAG diagram with a simple and elegant structure. Each transaction consists of multiple inputs and multiple outputs. The input points to the output of the transaction that was not spent when the transaction was generated, and the output can be spent on future transactions, and so on. And continue to expand.
Confirmed the UTXO model From UTXO’s book structure, we can see that UTXO does not have an account. The balance of an address (which can be understood as an account) is the sum of the amounts of UTXO that point all output to that address. Without an account, there is naturally no state based on the account, such as balances, so state-based smart contracts like Ethereum cannot be implemented. However, due to the stateless nature, UTXO’s confirmation speed can be made very fast, because as long as there is no double flower, UTXO does not care who is ahead of the transaction, as long as the output is not spent, it can be confirmed. And giving the state of the ledger model takes a while to ensure that these concurrency reach a consensus across the network.
Therefore, there is a contradiction between the transaction confirmation time and the transaction linear full order, and the transaction linear ordering is the basis of the smart contract, and can be simply understood as whether it is the priority confirmation time or the priority smart contract. The smart contract means more powerful expansion capability. However, confirming the time is critical to the experience of the trading system. The HLC technical team has considered the following factors, or has chosen a UTXO model that can support faster verification speeds. The fastest confirmed BlockDAG is the SPECTRE protocol.
The positioning of the underlying public chain of HLC is a value circulation network, hoping to carry all the scenarios of Islamic finance. Therefore, a stable and safe and efficient trading model is the first choice. The UTXO model is very mature at present. Bitcoin has been running stably and safely for ten years, and it is simple and very well maintained.
According to the technical architecture design of HLC, no matter whether the underlying public chain supports the linear ordering of transactions, the HLC public chain bottom branch will not support one layer of smart contracts. In terms of complexity, this means that maintenance costs increase and the risk of failure increases. From the perspective of performance, some systems may be dragged and dropped by some popular applications, similar to applications such as Ethernet, if this phenomenon is many, even The fastest DAG network can’t bear it; from the perspective of fairness, even though HLC’s DAG can carry popular applications, the application itself has to occupy the resources of the whole network, but the investment of these applications is relatively negligible. It is very unfair; from the perspective of flexibility, applications can use their own consensus protocols, or they can be partial-centered.
Confirmed the SPECTRE protocol: The SPECTRE protocol is the fastest confirmed in the current Block DAG protocol. According to the official laboratory test data of DAGlabs: Assume that for about 10% of the evil nodes, the risk factor is 1%, assuming that the propagation time is five seconds spread across most nodes of the whole network (this is also the test plan in Bitcoin’s white paper, Convenient for horizontal comparison). At this time, Bitcoin takes an hour to achieve security confirmation, and SPECTRE can achieve security confirmation in about 10 seconds with a block rate of 10, the efficiency is 600 times that of Bitcoin, so fast confirmation speed, even daily Small payments are acceptable.
The technical team of HLC adopts a mixed consensus agreement. That is to say, in addition to SPECTRE, there is a DAG protocol. This protocol is GHOSTDAG, and it can also be considered as the PHANTOM protocol. The details are somewhat different and will not be described. GHOSTDAG is a full sort of support transactions, so the HLC public chain can support a layer of smart contracts if necessary, but after our previous analysis, GHOSTDAG’s confirmation speed is quite different from SPECTRE, so GHOSTDAG is not directly Participate in the transaction consensus, but on the very important reward mechanism.
Two difficulties in the DAG protocol: One difficulty for DAG is to achieve a fair and secure reward mechanism. Unlike a blockchain, a block has only one owner, so there is no disagreement about who the reward is sent to, but Block DAG’s block is confirmed by multiple miners, and this confirmation is theoretically impossible. That is to say, even if it is a very old block, it can be confirmed by the new block again. So it is difficult to determine the deadline for a particular time, and then assign rewards. The SPECTRE paper gives a suggested solution that requires miners to actively cooperate to generate new redemption rewards. This mechanism is based on an overly idealized setting and the mechanism is complex, and the HLC public chain technical team has not adopted it.
The HLC public chain advocates a kind of competitive cooperation, that is to say, the node still has some pressure or actively makes more contributions, instead of feeling positive and negative from the unit investment in the environment of distribution according to work. The return is exactly the same, so passively participate in the network. Therefore, the HLC adopts that the transaction fee for each transaction will only be owned by the miners who are the first to confirm, but the confirmation has involved the problem of sorting the transaction, so the support of GHOSTDAG is needed.
Another difficulty of the DAG agreement reward mechanism is that the miners are profitable. If there is no special punishment mechanism, the miners prefer to trade with higher transaction fees; if all miners do this, the transaction repetition rate will be high, repeat The transaction does not contribute to throughput. DAGlabs’ Inclusive gives a suggested solution, which is to simply average the transaction fees, so that if the miners choose a transaction with a higher transaction fee, the final score will be less, so they will choose to randomly select the transaction. Such a random mechanism can reduce the transaction repetition rate to around 30%, which is already very desirable.
Although the Inclusive protocol solves the problem of duplication of transactions, it also brings a more serious problem, which is to obliterate the role of transaction fees. The importance of each transaction is actually different, and it should be treated differently to a certain extent. Therefore, if the transaction with high transaction fee and low transaction fee is completely treated equally, not only will the important transaction not be prioritized, but also the spam will be spammed; the attraction will also be reduced for the miners, because all transactions will ultimately be the basis. Transaction fee, no extra motivation at all. HLC uses a weighted random rule similar to the Conflux protocol, which means that although transactions are randomly selected, transactions with higher transaction fees are more likely to be packed into blocks.
Explain that Conflux does not mention weighted implementations in white papers or papers. It is currently only mentioned in blogs or in the community, so the final implementation may not be the same as Conflux. The HLC technical team has been exploring this aspect, and maybe the final solution will be similar to Conflux. In view of Conflux’s early publication, HLC expressed respect and gratitude to Conflux for providing ideas. Thanks to the active participation and thought contribution of HLC technical community volunteers. (DAG Institute)
submitted by HalalChain to u/HalalChain [link] [comments]

Zuckerberg and CSIS ruined my life

I should explain fully but I'm not really ready. This is the best I can do right now. This is super long as it is and I have shed many painful tears. Please be considerate. Oh and theres strong language and adult themes.
I was accused of heinous crimes on the Facebook platform, then stalked online and off, after what I think was drug-induced interrogation. The horrors I witnessed on the clear net I can never forget, both on fb and on other parts that were jacked to show up. Like the video I recall of a a kid and daughter smoking weed. That was hacked on Madonna's fb feed. Fuck you Madonna if you're approving this for kids. And I don't care if I die. I'm saying it.
Madonna - bitch I'm Madonna (the shit she pulls...)
Let me get you up to speed with what reddit already knows.
My search results were fucked with, badly. Webcams are hacked, as well as microphones, and we all authorize it. My mother was a hoarder.
I got ads for storage mart. I would say something, voicing literally, about a topic and then it would come up online.
My router was and probably still is hacked. Removed all services and only when I spoke did the lights flicker. The internet is more than trolls, its interrogation tactics are insane.
I was told details of my house that others shouldn't know unless they were in my house, like items on my floor (rat poison, which I learned a lot of crazy stuff about thanks to whomever was on the other end of the computer screen.. That alone was psychopathic)
I would do something and the worst possible mirroring of my actions came out from cherry picked news articles. For example I went to my car in my underwear in the middle of the night to get something. Ballet happens twice a week across the street. That was the day "kez" from star trek was reported as exposing herself to kids. I was accused of being a pedophile. That's not derivation. First I was accused, then this event happened.
Zuckerberg with the help of the government experimented on me, like has been done with so many others. All of social media does this. But it was done to shock and to terrorize me because I threatened to expose tjem for who they really are. A darknet king(or queen. Fuck it I'll nevermbe as rich as ciccone so what do I care) What other possibility could it be? Or maybe because the government needed someone to long-term interrogate and oppress. Unless the fb platform colluded with informants and so-called golden snitches (Toronto media, see the FBI article on reddit of a schizo 23 yr old arrested that's topping this subreddit for more details) to commute other's sentences (the real likely reason that guy was set up to take the fall, just like I was being set up) while foisting blame on me. But of the things I know, I'm not sure that's likely.could be half a dozen reasons and they all are plausible.
I met people that had no reason to get angry at me, and I was already stressed. You did this on purpose. I know you and your people can hijack conversations, I read the news. You zuckerberg incited insanity.
No one asked why I was upset and if I told them, the very thought of 1984 being realized simply made them deny it, which is frustrating. Because you were right Mark... Or csis.. Who would believe me?
I did nothing but care for people and want the best for them. Social media destroyed my life instead of helping it. Mark can blame hackers, but I know he allowed this. People broke terms of service and when I complained, I was told "well you can just block them"... Well Mark, maybe you should just block the Nazi's and the haters like your service told me I should do when I got spammed porn, and hijacked both feeds and in private message. No mark, I don't want to see naked 500 lb chicks bending over. No I don't want to see naked starving Ethiopian crotch. No, I don't want to see clowns. But maybe you should stop being such a whiner. Right? Stupid f***s is the term you used, right??
I'm sorry Mark. Its too late. You can't blame others for what happens on your platform. You know the filth you're involved in and you know how badly you wanted to blame my self destruction on myself. But I was innocent. You know Leviticus. You owe me Mark, and government, more than you believe you do. And you owe the world the truth. And now for your overbearing domination and your carrot dangling of illicit behavior, they're coming for your soul. Or are you part of pizzagate? Oh we all know you are, we all know that your alice in wonderland picturebook says the things that are too horrifying to print. When a celeb post comes up and says she likes pizza.... What does it mean...?? Cheese pizza, child porn, a term I never heard before you came along. And when I saw that picture of a child being face fucked on the clearnet, and smoking weed, and all of that other stuff? You cant hide forever behind pictures of steganographic pictures of cats. Yes I know about your database. You tried to pay me off with the release data of celebrity posts that would be released at a future date. You made me feel dirty. I didn't deserve that innocence being taken away. Wikileaks shows how easy it is to hide control of a PC. I scanned my computer and found nothing. Bit wikileaks exonerated me claims. Maybe that bit word wasnt a coincidence. I didn't need the bitcoin either. You tried to pay me off. (Harper - white lies. Dirty money can't accept/set you free. Pour it all away!) I can't take dirty money mark. Governent. I needed real money, in hand. And if it was all part of an investigation into crimes? Fine. But I shouldn't have been told on your platform that "we dont care what you go to jail for as long as you go to jail." I wasn't the dick face fucking a kid. I'm sorry if you have an unsolved case.
Your idea of guaranteed minimum income future is too late, and the chaos you fostered lies on your head alone. Karma's a bitch Mark. You hurt me and I don't forgive you, I can't forgive you, and I'm still debating whether I can forgive my own government. May your family forgive the shame that you will soon see. Oh wait, I forgot. Your family funded every war since napoleon. I loved you like a brother. I trusted you. Now I no longer know how to love. It's all just meaningless. So to quote Flagpole Sitta (the paranoia song, remember?... I member...) I got nerves and then they had to commit me. You told them all I was crazy. But I wasn't. And I never received an apology nor remuneration for the torment you put me through, for the times you tried to evaluate me. This heinous contravention of justice is why I don't want to be a law abiding citizen any more. Because nobody else does! I got accused of arson! And I had already been in a fire. And the snitch across the street from me starts lighting off firecrackers after ALL of my trauma. But I think what hurts the most, is that I couldn't even talk to counsellors about it. I had to block it out. It didn't help that they accused me of unwanted advances. More false allegations! You never quit! And so when thast Muslim man takes a hostage in a salon in Toronto and begs the police to stop hounding him??? I believe him. Because you did it to me.
You ruin lives, and you never make it up to those you hurt. You're a bad example.
I was...... As Jesus said, I was least of these, in a kingdom of righteousness that I no longer believe in... Well you killed him again Mark. To the extent that you did it to these little ones, you did it to me. So please don't stop the hate speech. I no longer believe you're serious. You tried to incite badness and then you stifle free speech.
One last thing. I've learned a lot about chemistry lately. Was that youtoo? Because I see the truth of the videos. Theyre threats and instructionals wrapped in innocent seeming videos. Or is that merely a product of your wife's upbringing? Only you know what I mean. But you know what I mean. So stifle free speech zuckerberg. Its already destroyed Europe, what's a little more in the region below a middle class shopping all-in-one box store south of a major highway? comfortable quiet burb with a shoppers drug mart within feet of that cozy, quiet little place. Actually, I envy that place; no traffic, beautiful upscale houses.. Too rich for my blood. And family. I think thats what hirts the most is what you did to my home life in yoir dogged pursuit. ...
I felt the evil in my region Mark, and CSIS. That's why when I heard ariana got bombed and was from Ottawa, I wasn't surprised. But dont blame me. I'm just another casualty on the steppes. You've already stepped on plenty of toes. I'm not the villain, and you hurt me, and I don't love it. Or maybe you're a casualty of the wolf pack. What the fuck do I know??? But it doesn't explain all those "cat" stego pictures now does it??
And I just wish for the damage that was done to be reversed, and for there to be justice. But there is none..... Is there? And I keep hoping, but certainly not praying, that there will be. After what I experienced.... I know God, yhvh, must be dead. Or dead inside...
Thanks for listening to my passionate monologue, my rant. And if you don't understand it, realize its regional and that others actually will, and do. And I'll probably will only get a handful of replies and a lot of disbelief... But haters gonna hate, (baby) shudders. That moment was not cool. I can't even say it.
And before anyone asks.. I don't need medication, I need everyone to be decent human beings and not the scum of the earth. Religion ruined my life too. I was kicked out without formally being kicked out. They lost their hospitality and accommodating and gentle spirit I once knew. They didnt try to ask "whats wrong?" And once again... Down voted to oblivion. Seems this entire world is designed to stifle. Well, thank you Fritz's son for the book. I'll keep your kindness in mind, you know... The kindness you could afford to dole out from community funds, of course.......
submitted by ThoughtsYouNever to conspiracy [link] [comments]

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Unikoin Gold(UKG) Unikoin Gold (UKG) Esports Live Betting April 6, 2018
AirSwap(AST) ETH Taipei April 6, 2018
Rise(RISE) New Website April 6, 2018
Rise(RISE) New Roadmap April 6, 2018
AirToken(AIR) Weekly Town Hall Friday April 6, 2018
Publica(PBL) Publica At IBPA PubU April 6, 2018 12:00 AM - April 7, 2018 11:59 PM
BlockCAT(CAT) Core Platform Release April 6, 2018 [Possible Date]
Internxt(INXT) X Cloud & X Core Alpha Prototypes Launch April 6, 2018
ParkByte(PKB) Bittrex Delisting April 6, 2018
Veros(VRS) Website Launch April 6, 2018
Speedcash(SCS) Whitepaper April 6, 2018
LendConnect(LCT) Rebranding & New Token & New Website April 6, 2018
IOStoken(IOST) Binance Competition April 6, 2018
CoinFi(COFI) CoinFi (COFI) Public Beta Launch April 6, 2018
EtherSportz(ESZ) Winners Announcement April 6, 2018
Nucleus Vision(NCASH) Nucleus Vision (nCash) - End of KYC Submission April 6, 2018
Remme(REM) Live AMA On YouTube April 6, 2018
Remme(REM) Remme Community AMA April 6, 2018
True USD(TUSD) Community AMA April 6, 2018
Peculium(PCL) Webinar with PMO April 6, 2018
IOTA(MIOTA) Technology and Future Economy 2018 April 7, 2018
Veritaseum(VERI) Technology and Future Economy 2018 April 7, 2018
PIVX(PIVX) zPoS Activation April 7, 2018
Aion(AION) Beyond Crypto Innovation Panel Series 2018 April 7, 2018
Bancor(BNT) Online Crypto Summit April 7, 2018
SingularDTV(SNGLS) Technology and Future Economy 2018 April 7, 2018
SmartCash(SMART) 3° Bitcoin Summit April 7, 2018
Ambrosus(AMB) AMB-NET Beta v0.9 April 7, 2018
AirToken(AIR) Weekly Town Hall Friday April 7, 2018
Unitus(UIS) Monthly Update April 7, 2018
Infinity Economics(XIN) Crowdfunding Launch April 7, 2018
Jiyo(JIYO) Website Release April 7, 2018
Elastos(ELA) Technology and Future Economy 2018 April 7, 2018
Huobi Token(HT) Technology and Future Economy 2018 April 7, 2018
LOCIcoin(LOCI) Technology and Future Economy 2018 April 7, 2018
 
Meetups
Wanchain (WAN) - Tokyo Meetup April 6, 2018
aelf(ELF) Blockchain Asia Meetup April 6, 2018
DATA(DTA) Asia Meetup April 6, 2018
Wancoin(WAN) Wancoin Tokyo Meetup, Japan April 6, 2018 10:00 AM - 11:59 PM
 
Exchanges
Cardano(ADA) Listing On Indodax April 6, 2018
NEO(NEO) Listing on COBINHOOD April 6, 2018
Gas(GAS) Listing on COBINHOOD April 6, 2018
Bitcoin Diamond(BCD) Listing On Indodax April 6, 2018
 
Air Drops
Oyster Pearl(PRL) PRL Airdrop For Shell 1:1 April 6, 2018
Simple Token(OST) OST Airdrop April 6, 2018
 
Conferences
Publica(PBL) Publishing University 2018 Conference in Austin, USA April 6, 2018
 
Software/Platforms
Bread(BRD) Mobile App Update April 7, 2018
 
Blockchains
FundYourselfNow(FYN) Bangalore Blockchain Summit April 7, 2018
Zilliqa(ZIL) CSDN Blockchain Salon April 7, 2018
 
 
submitted by cryptocalbot to altcoin [link] [comments]

List of Today's and Tomorrow's Upcoming Events

I will be bringing you upcoming events/announcements every day. If you want improvements to this post, please mention houseme in the comments. We will make improvements based on your feedback.
 
Web | Android | iOS | Telegram Interactive Bot (add cryptocalapp_bot) | Telegram Channel @kryptocal
 

NEXT DAY UPCOMING EVENTS

 
Blockchains
Bitcoin Blockchain Fair May 12, 2018
Bitcoin(BTC) Bitcoin (BTC) Bitcoin Blockchain Fair May 12, 2018
Bitcoin(BTC) Bitcoin (BTC) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
Ethereum(ETH) Ethereum (ETH) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
Bitcoin Cash(BCH) Bitcoin Cash (BCH) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
Litecoin(LTC) Litecoin (LTC) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
NEO(NEO) NEO (NEO) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
OmiseGO(OMG) OmiseGO (OMG) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
Zcash(ZEC) Zcash (ZEC) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
Stratis(STRAT) Stratis (STRAT) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
Komodo(KMD) Komodo (KMD) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
PIVX(PIVX) PIVX (PIVX) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
Safe Exchange Coin(SAFEX) Safe Exchange Coin (SAFEX) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
 
General
Bitmora Exchange May 12, 2018
Veros(VRS) Telegram Campaign May 12, 2018
Cashaa(CAS) Satoshi Summit May 12, 2018
Rupaya(RUPX) May Governance Vote Ends May 13, 2018
 
Conferences
Nexus(NXS) Nexus At Conference May 12, 2018
IOTA(MIOTA) IOTA (MIOTA) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 12, 2018 9:30 AM - May 13, 2018 4:30 PM
Women on the Block May 13, 2018
Lympo(LYM) Women on the Block May 13, 2018
 
Meetups
CyberMiles(CMT) CyberMiles Xiamen Meetup, China May 12, 2018 12:00 AM - May 13, 2018 11:59 PM
SmartCash(SMART) Crypto Salon May 12, 2018
Delphy(DPY) Delphy Hangzhou Meetup, China May 12, 2018
Elastos(ELA) NYC Elastos Blockchain Meetup May 12, 2018
aelf(ELF) NYC Meetup May 13, 2018
BOScoin(BOS) BOScoin Amsterdam Meetup, Netherlands May 13, 2018
 
Exchanges
DNotes(NOTE) Listing on Cryptopia May 12, 2018
Ormeus Coin(ORME) Listing on CoinBene May 13, 2018
 
Software/Platforms
CryptoInsight(TKR) Crypto Tax App May 12, 2018
Signal Token(SIG) Signal Marketplace Launch May 12, 2018
WaykiChain(WICC) New Website May 12, 2018 8:00 AM - May 13, 2018 11:59 PM
IOTA(MIOTA) Trinity Wallet Audit May 13, 2018
Sprouts(SPRTS) Whitepaper Release May 13, 2018
 
Air Drops
Cappasity(CAPP) Cappasity (CAPP) Bonus Airdrop May 12, 2018
Aion(AION) Airdrop May 13, 2018
 
Partnerships
Block Array(ARY) Business Partnership May 12, 2018
 
 
submitted by cryptocalbot to altcoin [link] [comments]

Large self-posts hang when opening

Hey everyone. This is the second time I've ran into this bug and decided to share. On extremely large self-posts the app hangs for a second before it opens to the post -- whether you tap or 3D Touch it.
On 2.8 beta, iOS 10.1.1, iPhone 6s+
Also, as I'm making this post another bug popped up. When a post (and maybe a comment too?) contains an extremely large amount of text, the input window eventually slows to a crawl making it impossible to continue writing.
Copy pasted the Reddit Wikipedia page to make this post a living example.
In June 2005,[72] Reddit was founded in Medford, Massachusetts by Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian, both 22-year-old graduates of the University of Virginia.[73] The team expanded to include Christopher Slowe in November 2005. Between November 2005 and January 2006 Reddit merged with Aaron Swartz's company Infogami, and Swartz became an equal owner of the resulting parent company, Not A Bug.[74][75] Condé Nast Publications, owner of Wired, acquired Reddit on October 31, 2006, and the team moved to San Francisco.[76] In January 2007, Swartz was fired.[77]
By the end of 2008, the team had grown to include Erik Martin, Jeremy Edberg,[78] David King,[79] and Mike Schiraldi.[80] In 2009, Huffman and Ohanian moved on to form Hipmunk, recruiting Slowe[81] and King[82] shortly thereafter. In May 2010, Reddit was named in Lead411's "2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies" list.[83] In July 2010, after explosive traffic growth, Reddit introduced Reddit Gold, offering new features for a price of $3.99/month or $29.99/year.[84] Reddit Gold adds a number of features to the interface, including the ability to display more comments on a page, access to the private "lounge" subreddit, and notifications whenever one's username is mentioned in a comment. It's also possible to endow comments or submissions of other users and thereby give a gold membership to them as an anonymous present.[85]
On September 6, 2011, Reddit became operationally independent of Condé Nast, now operating as a separate subsidiary of its parent company, Advance Publications.[86] On January 11, 2012, Reddit announced that it would be participating in a 12-hour sitewide blackout in protest of the Stop Online Piracy Act.[87] The blackout occurred on January 18 and coincided with the blackouts of Wikipedia and several other websites. In May 2012, Reddit joined the Internet Defense League, a group formed to organize future protests.[88] On February 14, 2013, Reddit began accepting the digital currency bitcoin for its Reddit Gold subscription service through a partnership with bitcoin payment processor Coinbase.[89]
In October 2014, Reddit announced Redditmade, a service which allowed moderators to create merchandise for their subreddits. Redditmade closed in February 2015.[90] In November 2014, Chief Executive Yishan Wong resigned and co-founder Ohanian returned as the full-time executive chairman. Ellen Pao, Reddit's business and partnerships strategist became the interim chief executive.[91] On July 10, 2015, Pao resigned and was replaced by Steve Huffman as CEO.[92][93]
In October 2015, Reddit announced a news portal called Upvoted, designed to broaden the reach of Reddit as a standalone site featuring editorial content from Reddit users.[94] In April 2016, Reddit launched a new blocking tool in an attempt to curb online harassment. The tool allows a user to hide posts and comments from selected redditors in addition to blocking private messages from those redditors.[95] The option to block a redditor is done by clicking a button in the inbox.
Technology
Reddit was originally written in Common Lisp but was rewritten in Python in December 2005.[4] The reasons given for the switch were wider access to code libraries and greater development flexibility. The Python web framework that former Reddit employee Swartz developed to run the site, web.py, is now available as an open-source project.[96] On June 18, 2008, Reddit became an open source project.[97] With the exception of the anti-spam/cheating portions, all of the code and libraries written for Reddit became freely available on GitHub.[98] As of November 10, 2009, Reddit uses Pylons as its web framework.[99]
As of November 10, 2009, Reddit has decommissioned their physical servers and migrated to Amazon Web Services.[100] Reddit uses PostgreSQL as their primary datastore and is slowly moving to Apache Cassandra, a column-oriented datastore. It uses RabbitMQ for offline processing, HAProxy for load balancing and memcached for caching. In early 2009, Reddit started using jQuery.[101] On June 7, 2010, Reddit staff launched a revamped mobile interface featuring rewritten CSS, a new color scheme, and a multitude of improvements.[102]
On July 21, 2010, Reddit outsourced the Reddit search engine to Flaptor, who used its search product IndexTank.[103] As of July 12, 2012, Reddit uses Amazon CloudSearch.[104] There are several unofficial applications that use the Reddit API in the Google Play store, and F-Droid repository. Examples include: Reddit is Fun,[105] Andreddit,[106] F5, BaconReader,[107] Reddit Sync[108] and an Android tablet specific application called Reddita.[109] There are also several Windows apps used to access Reddit, including unofficial Reddit apps such as ReddHub[110] and Reddit To Go!.[111] An unofficial desktop application Reditr[112] exists that is compatible with Windows, OS X, Linux and ChromeOS.
There are several Reddit applications for iOS. These include Karma, Upvote, iReddit, iPad-specific applications such as Reddzine and Biscuit, and, until April 2016, Alien Blue.[113] In September 2014, an official mobile application for browsing AMA (Ask Me Anything) threads was released for the iOS and Android platforms under the name Ask me Anything.[114] In October 2014, Alien Blue was acquired by Reddit and became the official iOS Reddit app.[115] In April 2016, Reddit released an official application called Reddit: The Official App, which is available on Google Play and the iOS App Store, and Alien Blue was removed from the App Store in favor of the new app.[116]
The website is known for its open nature and diverse user community that generate its content.[119] Its demographics allows for wide-ranging subject areas, or main subreddits, that receive much attention, as well as the ability for smaller subreddits to serve more niche purposes. For example, the University of Reddit, a subreddit that exists to communally teach, emerged from the ability to enter and leave the online forum, the "classroom", at will, and classes ranging from computer science to music, to fine art theory exist.[120] The unique possibilities that subreddits provide create new opportunities for raising attention and fostering discussion across many areas. In gaining popularity in terms of unique users per day, Reddit has been a platform for many to raise publicity for a number of causes. And with that increased ability to garner attention and a large audience, users can use one of the largest communities on the Internet for new, revolutionary, and influential purposes.[121]
Its popularity has enabled users to take unprecedented advantage of such a large community. Its innovative socially ranked rating and sorting system drives a method that is useful for fulfilling certain goals of viewership or simply finding answers to interesting questions. User sentiments about the website's function and structure include feelings about the breadth and depth of the discussions on Reddit and how the site makes it easy to discover new and interesting items. Almost all of the user reviews on Alexa.com, which rates Reddit's monthly unique traffic rating 125th in the United States, mention Reddit's "good content" as a likable quality. However, others raise the negative aspects of the potential for Reddit's communities to possess a "hive mind" of sorts,[122] embodying some negative aspects of group interaction theories like crowd psychology and collective consciousness.
Philanthropic efforts Reddit has been known as the instigator of several charity projects, some short and others long-term, in order to benefit others. A selection of major events are outlined below:
In early October 2010, a story was posted on Reddit about a seven-year-old girl, Kathleen Edward, who was in the advanced stages of Huntington's disease. The girl's neighbors were taunting her and her family. Redditors banded together and gave the girl a shopping spree[123][124] at Tree Town Toys, a toy store local to the story owned by a Reddit user. In early December 2010, members of the Christianity subreddit decided to hold a fundraiser[125] and later members of the atheism subreddit decided to give some friendly competition,[126] cross-promoting[127] fundraising drives for Doctors Without Borders and World Vision's Clean Water Fund, respectively. Later, the Islam subreddit joined in, raising money for Islamic Relief. In less than a week, the three communities (as well as the Reddit community at large) raised over $50,000.[128] Most of this was raised by the atheism subreddit, though the smaller Christianity subreddit had a higher average donation amount per subscriber.[129] A similar donation drive in 2011 saw the atheism subreddit raise over $200,000 for charity.[130] Reddit started the largest Secret Santa program in the world, which is still in operation to date. For the 2010 Holiday season, 92 countries were involved in the Secret Santa program. There were 17,543 participants, and $662,907.60 was collectively spent on gift purchases and shipping costs.[131][132][133] In 2014, about 200,000 users from 188 countries participated.[134] Several Celebrities have participated in the program, including Bill Gates[135] and Snoop Dogg.[136] Eventually, the Secret Santa program expanded to various other occasions through Redditgifts. Members from Reddit donated over $600,000 to DonorsChoose in support of Stephen Colbert's March to Keep Fear Alive. The donation spree broke previous records for the most money donated to a single cause by the Reddit community and resulted in an interview with Colbert on Reddit.[137] Reddit users donated $185,356 to Direct Relief for Haiti after an earthquake devastated the nation in January 2010.[138] Reddit users donated over $70,000 to the Faraja Orphanage in the first 24 hours to help secure the orphanage after intruders robbed and attacked one of the volunteers, who survived a strike to the head from a machete.[139] In October 2012, "Shitty Watercolour", a popular Redditor known for posting watercolor paintings on the website,[140][141][142] streamed live a 12-hour painting session on YouTube to raise money for charity: water, a non-profit organization which aims to provide potable drinking water in developing countries. Redditors donated a minimum of $10 to have a photo of their choice painted in a 5 by 5 centimetres (2.0 by 2.0 in) square section of large sheets of paper.[143][144] The paint-a-thon raised $2,700.[145] In February 2014, Reddit announced it would be donating 10% of its annual ad revenue to non-profits voted upon by its users.[146] Reddit continued this policy for 2015, donating $82,765 each to Electronic Frontier Foundation, Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Doctors Without Borders, Erowid Center, Wikimedia Foundation, Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, NPR, Free Software Foundation, Freedom From Religion Foundation, and Tor Project.[147] In response to the 2015 Nepal Earthquake, redditors raised more than $145,000 for Direct Relief and more than $110,000 for MAP International.[148] Commercial activity In February 2013, Betabeat published a post that recognized the influx of multi-national corporations like Costco, Taco Bell, Subaru, and McDonald's posting branded content on Reddit that was made to appear as if it was original content from legitimate Reddit users.[149] Reddit's former Director of Communications noted that while a large number of Chief Marketing Officers want to "infiltrate the reddit community on behalf of their brand," she emphasized that "self-promotion is frowned upon" and the site is "100 percent organic."[150][151][152][153] She recommended that advertisers design promotions that "spark conversations and feedback."[154] She recommended that businesses use AMAs to get attention for public figures but cautioned "It is important to approach AMAs carefully and be aware that this may not be a fit for every project or client."[155] Nissan ran a successful Branded content promotion offering users free gifts to publicize a new car,[156][157] though the company was later ridiculed for suspected astroturfing when the CEO only answered puff piece questions on the site.[158][159] Taylor described these situations as "high risk" noting "We try hard to educate people that they have to treat questions that may seem irreverent or out of left field the same as they would questions about the specific project they are promoting."[160]
Reddit's users are more privacy-conscious than on other websites, using tools like AdBlock and proxies,[161] and they hate "feeling manipulated by brands" but respond well to "content that begs for intelligent viewers and participants."[162] Lauren Orsini writes in ReadWrite that "Reddit's huge community is the perfect hype machine for promoting a new movie, a product release, or a lagging political campaign" but "very specific set of etiquette. Redditors don't want to advertise for you, they want to talk to you."[163] Journalists have used the site as a basis for stories, though they are advised by the site's policies to respect that "reddit's communities belong to their members" and to seek proper attribution for people's contributions.[164]
Reddit announced that they would begin using VigLink to redirect affiliate links in June 2016[165]
Reddit effect Main article: Slashdot effect Also known as the "Slashdot effect", the Reddit effect occurs when a smaller website has a high influx of traffic after being linked to on Reddit.[166] It is also called the "Reddit Hug of Death" among the website's users. Because Reddit is such a large site, the traffic is immense and can easily crash smaller sites. In order for users to see crashed websites, several Reddit bots have been created that take a snapshot of the website before large amounts of traffic flood the affected website.
"Restoring Truthiness" campaign As a response to Glenn Beck's August 28, 2010, Restoring Honor rally (heavily promoted by him in his Fox News broadcasts during the summer), in September 2010 Reddit users started a movement to persuade Stephen Colbert to have a counter-rally in Washington, D.C.[167] The movement, which came to be called "Restoring Truthiness", was started by user mrsammercer, in a post where he described waking up from a dream in which Stephen Colbert was holding a satirical rally in D.C.[168] He writes, "This would be the high water mark of American satire. Half a million people pretending to suspend all rational thought in unison. Perfect harmony. It'll feel like San Francisco in the late 60s, only we won't be able to get any acid."
The idea resonated with the Reddit community, which launched a campaign to bring the event to life. Over $600,000[169] was raised for charity to gain the attention of Colbert. The campaign was mentioned on-air several times, and when the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear was held in Washington, D.C. on October 30, 2010, thousands of redditors made the journey.[170]
During a post-rally press conference, Reddit co-founder Ohanian asked, "What role did the Internet campaign play in convincing you to hold this rally?" Jon Stewart responded by saying that, though it was a very nice gesture, the two had already thought of the idea prior and the deposit on using the National Mall was already paid during the summer, so it acted mostly as a "validation of what we were thinking about attempting".[171] In a message to the Reddit community, Colbert later added, "I have no doubt that your efforts to organize and the joy you clearly brought to your part of the story contributed greatly to the turnout and success."[172]
The website generally lets moderators on individual subreddits make editorial decisions about what content to allow, and has a history of permitting some subreddits dedicated to controversial content.[173] Many of the default pages are highly moderated, with the "science" subreddit banning climate change denialism,[174] and the "news" subreddit banning opinion pieces and columns.[175] Reddit has changed its site-wide editorial policies several times, sometimes in reaction to controversies.[176][177][178][179] Reddit has had a history of giving a platform to objectionable but legal content, and in 2011, news media covered the way that jailbait was being shared on the site before the site changed their policies to explicitly ban "suggestive or sexual content featuring minors".[180] Following some controversial incidents of Internet vigilantism, Reddit introduced a strict rule against the publication of non-public personally-identifying information via the site (colloquially known as doxxing). Those who break the rule are subject to a site-wide ban, and their posts and even entire communities may be removed for breaking the rule.
2010 On December 16, 2010, a redditor named Matt posted a link describing how he has donated a kidney, and included a JustGive link to encourage users to give donations to the American Cancer Society.[181] After an initially positive reaction, Reddit users began to become suspicious of Matt's intentions, and suggested that he was keeping the donations for himself. Users telephoned his home and he received death threats. Matt eventually proved that he was genuine by uploading his doctor's records.[182]
2011 On October 18, 2011, an IT manager submitted a post to the subreddit "gameswap" offering Redditors to trade one of 312 codes he had been given for the game Deus Ex: Human Revolution.[183] A group of users obtained his personal details, and began to blackmail him for the codes.[184] The Monday after uploading the post, he received 138 threatening phone calls both at home and at his job, and by the end of the day he had been fired.[185]
2013 Following the 2013 Boston Marathon bombings, Reddit faced criticism after users wrongly identified a number of people as suspects.[186] Notable among misidentified bombing suspects was Sunil Tripathi, a student reported missing before the bombings took place. A body reported to be Sunil's was found in Providence River in Rhode Island on April 25, 2013, according to Rhode Island Health Department. The cause of death was not immediately known, but authorities said they did not suspect foul play.[187] The family later confirmed Tripathi's death was a result of suicide.[188] Reddit general manager Martin later issued an apology for this behavior, criticizing the "online witch hunts and dangerous speculation" that took place on the website.[189] The incident was later referenced in the season 5 episode of the CBS TV series The Good Wife titled "Whack-a-Mole,"[190] as well as The Newsroom.[191][192]
In late October 2013, the moderators of the "politics" subreddit banned a large group of websites. Many were left wing opinion websites, such as Mother Jones, The Huffington Post, Salon, Alternet, Rawstory, The Daily Kos, Truthout, Media Matters, and ThinkProgress as well as some popular progressive blog sites, such as Democratic Underground and Crooks and Liars. They also banned a number of right wing sites—Drudge Report, Breitbart, The Daily Caller, Dailypaul, Power Line, and Reason. Salon reported that "the section's moderators explained in a post on Tuesday, the goal is 'to reduce the number of blogspam submissions and sensationalist titles.' The purge, the moderators explained, is also aimed at sites that provide lots of "bad journalism."[193] The December 2013 list of banned websites has been modified since late October, and sites with original content, such as Mother Jones and The Huffington Post, are allowed.[194] Moderators also banned RT, which moderators stated was due to vote manipulation and spam, though one moderator stated that he wanted RT banned because it is Kremlin backed.[195][196]
2014 In August 2014, photos from the 2014 celebrity photo hack were widely disseminated across the site.[197][198] A dedicated subreddit, "TheFappening," was created for this purpose,[199] and contained links to most if not all of the criminally obtained explicit images.[200][201][202][203][204] Some images of Liz Lee and McKayla Maroney from the leak were identified by redditors and outside commentators as child pornography because the photos were taken when the women were underage.[205] The subreddit was banned on September 6.[206] The scandal led to wider criticisms concerning the website's administration from The Verge and The Daily Dot.[207][208]
Also in August 2014, moderators and administrators censored a sizeable amount of content related to the GamerGate controversy; one thread in the "gaming" subreddit had almost 24,000 comments removed.[209] Multiple subreddits were deleted by administrators for voicing opinions on Zoe Quinn, Anita Sarkeesian, Brianna Wu and similarly important GamerGate controversy figures.[210] The subreddit "ZoeQuinnDiscussion" was banned for violating the Reddit rules.[211] Administrators defended this response when questioned, blaming 4chan for raiding threads and causing harm. This was debated by some redditors.[212] An anonymous subreddit moderator claims he was removed for leaking correspondence between himself and Zoe Quinn.[213] On December 18, 2014, Reddit took the unusual step of banning a subreddit, "SonyGOP," that was being used to distribute hacked Sony files.[214]
2015 After Ellen Pao became CEO, she was initially a target of criticism by users who objected to her lawsuit.[215] Later on June 10, 2015, Reddit shut down the 150,000-subscriber "fatpeoplehate" subreddit and four others citing issues related to harassment.[216] This move was seen as very controversial; some commenters said that the bans went too far, while others said that the bans did not go far enough.[217] One of the latter complaints concerned a subreddit that was "expressing support" for the perpetrator of the Charleston church shooting.[218] Responding to the accusations of "skewed enforcement", Reddit reaffirmed their commitment to free expression and stated that "There are some subreddits with very little viewership that get highlighted repeatedly for their content, but those are a tiny fraction of the content on the site."
On July 2, 2015, Reddit began experiencing a series of blackouts as moderators set popular subreddit communities to private, in an event dubbed "AMAgeddon," a portmanteau of AMA ("ask me anything") and Armageddon. This was done in protest of the recent firing of Victoria Taylor, an administrator who helped organize citizen-led interviews with famous people on the popular "Ask me Anything" subreddit. Organizers of the blackout also expressed resentment about the recent severance of the communication between Reddit and the moderators of subreddits.[219] The blackout intensified on July 3 when former community manager David Croach gave an AMA about being fired. Before deleting his posts, he stated that Ellen Pao dismissed him with one year of health coverage when he had cancer and did not recover quickly enough.[220][221] Following this, a Change.org petition to remove Pao as CEO of Reddit Inc. reached over 200,000 signatures.[222][223][224] Pao posted a response on July 3 as well as an extended version of it on July 6 in which she apologized for bad communication and not delivering on promises. She also apologized on behalf of the other administrators and noted that problems already existed over the past several years.[225][226][227][228] On July 10, Pao resigned as CEO and was replaced by former CEO and co-founder Steve Huffman.[92][229]
submitted by izmar to getnarwhal [link] [comments]

List of Today's and Tomorrow's Upcoming Events

I will be bringing you upcoming events/announcements every day. If you want improvements to this post, please mention houseme in the comments. We will make improvements based on your feedback.
 
Web | Android | iOS | Telegram Interactive Bot (add cryptocalapp_bot) | Telegram Channel @kryptocal
 

NEXT DAY UPCOMING EVENTS

 
General
Mountain Crypto April 6, 2018
TFECON 2018 April 6, 2018
Akroma (AKA) - Roadmap Release April 6, 2018
Q2 Roadmap Posted April 6, 2018
Monero(XMR) Network Upgrade April 6, 2018
Monero(XMR) Hard Fork Cryptonight v7 April 6, 2018
EOS(EOS) Live April 6, 2018
EOS(EOS) Dawn 3.0 Release April 6, 2018
EOS(EOS) Dawn 3.0 April 6, 2018
Waves(WAVES) Blockchangers Hackathon April 6, 2018
Ark(ARK) BitCamp Hackathon April 6, 2018
Unikoin Gold(UKG) Unikoin Gold (UKG) Esports Live Betting April 6, 2018
AirSwap(AST) ETH Taipei April 6, 2018
Rise(RISE) New Website April 6, 2018
Rise(RISE) New Roadmap April 6, 2018
AirToken(AIR) Weekly Town Hall Friday April 6, 2018
Publica(PBL) Publica At IBPA PubU April 6, 2018 12:00 AM - April 7, 2018 11:59 PM
BlockCAT(CAT) Core Platform Release April 6, 2018 [Possible Date]
Internxt(INXT) X Cloud & X Core Alpha Prototypes Launch April 6, 2018
ParkByte(PKB) Bittrex Delisting April 6, 2018
Veros(VRS) Website Launch April 6, 2018
Speedcash(SCS) Whitepaper April 6, 2018
LendConnect(LCT) Rebranding & New Token & New Website April 6, 2018
IOStoken(IOST) Binance Competition April 6, 2018
CoinFi(COFI) CoinFi (COFI) Public Beta Launch April 6, 2018
EtherSportz(ESZ) Winners Announcement April 6, 2018
Nucleus Vision(NCASH) Nucleus Vision (nCash) - End of KYC Submission April 6, 2018
Remme(REM) Live AMA On YouTube April 6, 2018
Remme(REM) Remme Community AMA April 6, 2018
True USD(TUSD) Community AMA April 6, 2018
Peculium(PCL) Webinar with PMO April 6, 2018
IOTA(MIOTA) Technology and Future Economy 2018 April 7, 2018
Veritaseum(VERI) Technology and Future Economy 2018 April 7, 2018
PIVX(PIVX) zPoS Activation April 7, 2018
Aion(AION) Beyond Crypto Innovation Panel Series 2018 April 7, 2018
Bancor(BNT) Online Crypto Summit April 7, 2018
SingularDTV(SNGLS) Technology and Future Economy 2018 April 7, 2018
SmartCash(SMART) 3° Bitcoin Summit April 7, 2018
Ambrosus(AMB) AMB-NET Beta v0.9 April 7, 2018
AirToken(AIR) Weekly Town Hall Friday April 7, 2018
Unitus(UIS) Monthly Update April 7, 2018
Infinity Economics(XIN) Crowdfunding Launch April 7, 2018
Jiyo(JIYO) Website Release April 7, 2018
Elastos(ELA) Technology and Future Economy 2018 April 7, 2018
Huobi Token(HT) Technology and Future Economy 2018 April 7, 2018
LOCIcoin(LOCI) Technology and Future Economy 2018 April 7, 2018
 
Meetups
Wanchain (WAN) - Tokyo Meetup April 6, 2018
aelf(ELF) Blockchain Asia Meetup April 6, 2018
DATA(DTA) Asia Meetup April 6, 2018
Wancoin(WAN) Wancoin Tokyo Meetup, Japan April 6, 2018 10:00 AM - 11:59 PM
 
Exchanges
Cardano(ADA) Listing On Indodax April 6, 2018
NEO(NEO) Listing on COBINHOOD April 6, 2018
Gas(GAS) Listing on COBINHOOD April 6, 2018
Bitcoin Diamond(BCD) Listing On Indodax April 6, 2018
 
Air Drops
Oyster Pearl(PRL) PRL Airdrop For Shell 1:1 April 6, 2018
Simple Token(OST) OST Airdrop April 6, 2018
 
Conferences
Publica(PBL) Publishing University 2018 Conference in Austin, USA April 6, 2018
 
Software/Platforms
Bread(BRD) Mobile App Update April 7, 2018
 
Blockchains
FundYourselfNow(FYN) Bangalore Blockchain Summit April 7, 2018
Zilliqa(ZIL) CSDN Blockchain Salon April 7, 2018
 
 
submitted by cryptocalbot to CryptoCurrencies [link] [comments]

List of Today's and Tomorrow's Upcoming Events

I will be bringing you upcoming events/announcements every day. If you want improvements to this post, please mention houseme in the comments. We will make improvements based on your feedback.
 
Web | Android | iOS | Telegram Interactive Bot (add cryptocalapp_bot) | Telegram Channel @kryptocal
 

NEXT DAY UPCOMING EVENTS

 
General
Mountain Crypto April 6, 2018
TFECON 2018 April 6, 2018
Akroma (AKA) - Roadmap Release April 6, 2018
Q2 Roadmap Posted April 6, 2018
Monero(XMR) Network Upgrade April 6, 2018
Monero(XMR) Hard Fork Cryptonight v7 April 6, 2018
EOS(EOS) Live April 6, 2018
EOS(EOS) Dawn 3.0 Release April 6, 2018
EOS(EOS) Dawn 3.0 April 6, 2018
Waves(WAVES) Blockchangers Hackathon April 6, 2018
Ark(ARK) BitCamp Hackathon April 6, 2018
Unikoin Gold(UKG) Unikoin Gold (UKG) Esports Live Betting April 6, 2018
AirSwap(AST) ETH Taipei April 6, 2018
Rise(RISE) New Website April 6, 2018
Rise(RISE) New Roadmap April 6, 2018
AirToken(AIR) Weekly Town Hall Friday April 6, 2018
Publica(PBL) Publica At IBPA PubU April 6, 2018 12:00 AM - April 7, 2018 11:59 PM
BlockCAT(CAT) Core Platform Release April 6, 2018 [Possible Date]
Internxt(INXT) X Cloud & X Core Alpha Prototypes Launch April 6, 2018
ParkByte(PKB) Bittrex Delisting April 6, 2018
Veros(VRS) Website Launch April 6, 2018
Speedcash(SCS) Whitepaper April 6, 2018
LendConnect(LCT) Rebranding & New Token & New Website April 6, 2018
IOStoken(IOST) Binance Competition April 6, 2018
CoinFi(COFI) CoinFi (COFI) Public Beta Launch April 6, 2018
EtherSportz(ESZ) Winners Announcement April 6, 2018
Nucleus Vision(NCASH) Nucleus Vision (nCash) - End of KYC Submission April 6, 2018
Remme(REM) Live AMA On YouTube April 6, 2018
Remme(REM) Remme Community AMA April 6, 2018
True USD(TUSD) Community AMA April 6, 2018
Peculium(PCL) Webinar with PMO April 6, 2018
IOTA(MIOTA) Technology and Future Economy 2018 April 7, 2018
Veritaseum(VERI) Technology and Future Economy 2018 April 7, 2018
PIVX(PIVX) zPoS Activation April 7, 2018
Aion(AION) Beyond Crypto Innovation Panel Series 2018 April 7, 2018
Bancor(BNT) Online Crypto Summit April 7, 2018
SingularDTV(SNGLS) Technology and Future Economy 2018 April 7, 2018
SmartCash(SMART) 3° Bitcoin Summit April 7, 2018
Ambrosus(AMB) AMB-NET Beta v0.9 April 7, 2018
AirToken(AIR) Weekly Town Hall Friday April 7, 2018
Unitus(UIS) Monthly Update April 7, 2018
Infinity Economics(XIN) Crowdfunding Launch April 7, 2018
Jiyo(JIYO) Website Release April 7, 2018
Elastos(ELA) Technology and Future Economy 2018 April 7, 2018
Huobi Token(HT) Technology and Future Economy 2018 April 7, 2018
LOCIcoin(LOCI) Technology and Future Economy 2018 April 7, 2018
 
Meetups
Wanchain (WAN) - Tokyo Meetup April 6, 2018
aelf(ELF) Blockchain Asia Meetup April 6, 2018
DATA(DTA) Asia Meetup April 6, 2018
Wancoin(WAN) Wancoin Tokyo Meetup, Japan April 6, 2018 10:00 AM - 11:59 PM
 
Exchanges
Cardano(ADA) Listing On Indodax April 6, 2018
NEO(NEO) Listing on COBINHOOD April 6, 2018
Gas(GAS) Listing on COBINHOOD April 6, 2018
Bitcoin Diamond(BCD) Listing On Indodax April 6, 2018
 
Air Drops
Oyster Pearl(PRL) PRL Airdrop For Shell 1:1 April 6, 2018
Simple Token(OST) OST Airdrop April 6, 2018
 
Conferences
Publica(PBL) Publishing University 2018 Conference in Austin, USA April 6, 2018
 
Software/Platforms
Bread(BRD) Mobile App Update April 7, 2018
 
Blockchains
FundYourselfNow(FYN) Bangalore Blockchain Summit April 7, 2018
Zilliqa(ZIL) CSDN Blockchain Salon April 7, 2018
 
 
submitted by cryptocalbot to CryptoMarkets [link] [comments]

List of Today's and Tomorrow's Upcoming Events

I will be bringing you upcoming events/announcements every day. If you want improvements to this post, please mention houseme in the comments. We will make improvements based on your feedback.
 
Web | Android | iOS | Telegram Interactive Bot (add cryptocalapp_bot) | Telegram Channel @kryptocal
 

NEXT DAY UPCOMING EVENTS

 
Blockchains
CDX Innovation Summit May 11, 2018
Monero(XMR) Blockchain Frontier Innovation May 11, 2018
DigiByte(DGB) Digi-ID May 11, 2018
Bitcoin Blockchain Fair May 12, 2018
Bitcoin(BTC) Bitcoin (BTC) Bitcoin Blockchain Fair May 12, 2018
 
General
Frontier Innovation Award May 11, 2018
NEM(XEM) NEM101 in München 3 May 11, 2018
ETHLend(LEND) Ethereal NY May 11, 2018 12:00 AM - May 12, 2018 11:59 PM
Enjin Coin(ENJ) Unite Beijing May 11, 2018
Capricoin(CPC) CPChain Essay Award May 11, 2018
Block Array(ARY) Membership Service Authority DAPP May 11, 2018
Live Stars(LIVE) Company Registration May 11, 2018
Hydrogen(HYDRO) Hydrogen Community AMA May 11, 2018 12:00 PM - 11:59 PM
Genesis Vision(GVT) Youtube Live Stream with CEO May 11, 2018 3:00 PM - 11:59 PM
Bitmora Exchange May 12, 2018
Veros(VRS) Telegram Campaign May 12, 2018
Cashaa(CAS) Satoshi Summit May 12, 2018
 
Exchanges
Bitcoin(BTC) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Ethereum(ETH) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Litecoin(LTC) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Stellar(XLM) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
TRON(TRX) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
NEO(NEO) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
EOS(EOS) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Qtum(QTUM) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Ethereum Classic(ETC) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
OmiseGO(OMG) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Populous(PPT) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Status(SNT) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Ardor(ARDR) Coinbit Listing May 11, 2018
Dentacoin(DCN) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Waves(WAVES) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
VeChain(VEN) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Augur(REP) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Dent(DENT) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
0x(ZRX) Coinbit Listings May 11, 2018
Golem(GNT) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
SALT(SALT) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
FunFair(FUN) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Kin(KIN) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Ethos(ETHOS) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Kyber Network(KNC) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
QASH(QASH) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Request Network(REQ) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Aion(AION) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Power Ledger(POWR) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
aelf(ELF) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Bytom(BTM) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Nxt(NXT) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Enigma(ENG) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
ChainLink(LINK) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
TenX(PAY) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Bancor(BNT) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Achain(ACT) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
EncrypGen(DNA) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Stox(STX) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
SixEleven(611) Delisting from C-CEX May 11, 2018
CryptoEscudo(CESC) Delisting from C-CEX May 11, 2018
Nebulas(NAS) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Ignis(IGNIS) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Maker(MKR) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
IOStoken(IOST) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
Zilliqa(ZIL) Listing on Coinbit May 11, 2018
XinFin Network(XDCE) Listing on TopBTC May 11, 2018
DNotes(NOTE) Listing on Cryptopia May 12, 2018
 
ICO/Pre-Sales
ICON(ICX) ICONest Webpage Launch May 11, 2018
Veros(VRS) Ultimatum Swap May 11, 2018
 
Conferences
WAX(WAX) Crypto Games Conference May 11, 2018
Telcoin(TEL) The Wipro Conference May 11, 2018
IOTA(MIOTA) Chicago Connectory May 11, 2018 9:00 AM - 5:59 PM
WePower(WPR) WePower Community AMA May 11, 2018 9:00 AM - 11:59 PM
Chainium(CHX) Chainium Community AMA May 11, 2018 11:30 AM - 11:59 PM
Loopring(LRC) Loopring Community AMA May 11, 2018 1:30 PM - 11:59 PM
Nexus(NXS) Nexus At Conference May 12, 2018
 
Air Drops
Electroneum(ETN) ETNX Airdrop May 11, 2018
Cappasity(CAPP) Cappasity (CAPP) Bonus Airdrop May 12, 2018
 
Software/Platforms
Substratum(SUB) NODE Open Beta May 11, 2018
Credits(CS) Beta Testing Begins May 11, 2018
CryptoInsight(TKR) Crypto Tax App May 12, 2018
Signal Token(SIG) Signal Marketplace Launch May 12, 2018
 
Meetups
SmartCash(SMART) Crypto Salon May 12, 2018
Delphy(DPY) Delphy Hangzhou Meetup, China May 12, 2018
Elastos(ELA) NYC Elastos Blockchain Meetup May 12, 2018
 
Partnerships
Block Array(ARY) Business Partnership May 12, 2018
 
 
submitted by cryptocalbot to CryptoMarkets [link] [comments]

List of Today's and Tomorrow's Upcoming Events

I will be bringing you upcoming events/announcements every day. If you want improvements to this post, please mention houseme in the comments. We will make improvements based on your feedback.
 
Web | Android | iOS | Telegram Interactive Bot (add cryptocalapp_bot) | Telegram Channel @kryptocal
 

NEXT DAY UPCOMING EVENTS

 
Blockchains
Bitcoin Blockchain Fair May 12, 2018
Bitcoin(BTC) Bitcoin (BTC) Bitcoin Blockchain Fair May 12, 2018
Bitcoin(BTC) Bitcoin (BTC) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
Ethereum(ETH) Ethereum (ETH) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
Bitcoin Cash(BCH) Bitcoin Cash (BCH) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
Litecoin(LTC) Litecoin (LTC) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
NEO(NEO) NEO (NEO) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
OmiseGO(OMG) OmiseGO (OMG) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
Zcash(ZEC) Zcash (ZEC) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
Stratis(STRAT) Stratis (STRAT) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
Komodo(KMD) Komodo (KMD) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
PIVX(PIVX) PIVX (PIVX) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
Safe Exchange Coin(SAFEX) Safe Exchange Coin (SAFEX) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 13, 2018 6:00 AM - 11:59 PM
 
General
Bitmora Exchange May 12, 2018
Veros(VRS) Telegram Campaign May 12, 2018
Cashaa(CAS) Satoshi Summit May 12, 2018
Rupaya(RUPX) May Governance Vote Ends May 13, 2018
 
Conferences
Nexus(NXS) Nexus At Conference May 12, 2018
IOTA(MIOTA) IOTA (MIOTA) Bitcoin and Blockchain Fair 2018, Australia May 12, 2018 9:30 AM - May 13, 2018 4:30 PM
Women on the Block May 13, 2018
Lympo(LYM) Women on the Block May 13, 2018
 
Meetups
CyberMiles(CMT) CyberMiles Xiamen Meetup, China May 12, 2018 12:00 AM - May 13, 2018 11:59 PM
SmartCash(SMART) Crypto Salon May 12, 2018
Delphy(DPY) Delphy Hangzhou Meetup, China May 12, 2018
Elastos(ELA) NYC Elastos Blockchain Meetup May 12, 2018
aelf(ELF) NYC Meetup May 13, 2018
BOScoin(BOS) BOScoin Amsterdam Meetup, Netherlands May 13, 2018
 
Exchanges
DNotes(NOTE) Listing on Cryptopia May 12, 2018
Ormeus Coin(ORME) Listing on CoinBene May 13, 2018
 
Software/Platforms
CryptoInsight(TKR) Crypto Tax App May 12, 2018
Signal Token(SIG) Signal Marketplace Launch May 12, 2018
WaykiChain(WICC) New Website May 12, 2018 8:00 AM - May 13, 2018 11:59 PM
IOTA(MIOTA) Trinity Wallet Audit May 13, 2018
Sprouts(SPRTS) Whitepaper Release May 13, 2018
 
Air Drops
Cappasity(CAPP) Cappasity (CAPP) Bonus Airdrop May 12, 2018
Aion(AION) Airdrop May 13, 2018
 
Partnerships
Block Array(ARY) Business Partnership May 12, 2018
 
 
submitted by cryptocalbot to CryptoMarkets [link] [comments]

Second.

Reddit (stylized as reddit, /ˈrɛdɪt/)[5] is an American social news aggregation, web content rating, and discussion website. Reddit's registered community members can submit content, such as text posts or direct links. Registered users can then vote submissions up or down to organize the posts and determine their position on the site's pages. The submissions with the most positive votes appear on the front page or the top of a category. Content entries are organized by areas of interest called "subreddits". The subreddit topics include news, science, gaming, movies, music, books, fitness, food, and image-sharing, among many others. The site's terms of use prohibit behaviors such as harassment, and moderating and limiting harassment has taken substantial resources.[6]
As of 2017, Reddit had 542 million monthly visitors (234 million unique users), ranking #7 most visited web-site in US and #22 in the world.[7] Across 2015, Reddit saw 82.54 billion pageviews, 73.15 million submissions, 725.85 million comments, and 6.89 billion upvotes from its users.[8]
Reddit was founded by University of Virginia roommates Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian in 2005. Condé Nast Publications acquired the site in October 2006. Reddit became a direct subsidiary of Condé Nast's parent company, Advance Publications, in September 2011. As of August 2012, Reddit operates as an independent entity, although Advance is still its largest shareholder.[9] Reddit is based in San Francisco, California. In October 2014, Reddit raised $50 million in a funding round led by Sam Altman and including investors Marc Andreessen, Peter Thiel, Ron Conway, Snoop Dogg, and Jared Leto.[10] Their investment saw the company valued at $500 million.[11][12]
Contents
1 Description 1.1 Site 1.2 Users 1.3 Subreddits 1.3.1 IAmA and AMA 1.3.2 /science 1.3.3 April Fools subreddits 1.3.3.1 The Button 1.3.3.2 Robin 2 History 3 Technology 4 Demographics 5 Community and culture 5.1 Philanthropic efforts 5.2 Commercial activity 5.3 Reddit effect 5.4 "Restoring Truthiness" campaign 5.5 Controversies 5.5.1 2010 5.5.2 2011 5.5.3 2013 5.5.4 2014 5.5.5 2015 5.5.6 2016 5.5.7 2017 6 Other 7 See also 8 References 9 External links 
Description Site
The site is a collection of entries submitted by its registered users, essentially a bulletin board system. The name "Reddit" is a play-on-words with the phrase "read it", i.e., "I read it on Reddit."[13] The site's content is divided into numerous categories, and 49 such categories, or "default subreddits", are visible on the front page to new users and those who browse the site without logging in to an account. As of May 2016, these include:[14] Category Subreddits Educational News, Science, Space, DataIsBeautiful, TodayILearned, WorldNews Entertainment Creepy, Documentaries, Gaming, ListenToThis, Movies, Music, NoSleep, Sports, Television, Videos Discussion-based AskReddit, AskScience, Books, ExplainLikeImFive, History, IAmA, TwoXChromosomes Humolight-hearted Funny, InternetIsBeautiful, Jokes, NotTheOnion, ShowerThoughts, TIFU, UpliftingNews Image sharing Art, Aww, EarthPorn, Gifs, MildlyInteresting, OldSchoolCool, PhotoshopBattles, Pics Self-improvement DIY, Food, GetMotivated, LifeProTips, PersonalFinance, Philosophy, WritingPrompts Technology Futurology, Gadgets Meta Announcements, Blog
Note: There are over 11,400 active subreddits[15][16][17] with a default set of 50 subreddits as of February 2016. 
When items (links or text posts) are submitted to a subreddit, the users, called "redditors",[18] can vote for or against them (upvote/downvote). Each subreddit has a front page that shows newer submissions that have been rated highly. Redditors can also post comments about the submission, and respond back and forth in a conversation-tree of comments; the comments themselves can also be upvoted and downvoted. The front page of the site itself shows a combination of the highest-rated posts out of all the subreddits a user is subscribed to.
Front-page rank – for both the general front page and for individual subreddits – is determined by the age of the submission, positive ("upvoted") to negative ("downvoted") feedback ratio and the total vote-count.[19] Dozens of submissions cycle through these front pages daily.
The site's logo and its mascot is a line drawing of an alien nicknamed "Snoo". Subreddits often use themed variants of Snoo relevant to the subject.[20]
Although most of the site functions like a bulletin board or message board, each subreddit has the option of having an associated wiki that can provide supplementary material like instructions, recommended reading, or collaboration for real-life events. Users
Registering an account with Reddit is free and does not require an email address to complete. As of June 2015, there were 36 million user accounts.[21] When logged in, Reddit users (known as redditors) have the ability to vote on submissions and comments to increase or decrease their visibility and submit links and comments. Users can also create their own subreddit on a topic of their choosing, and interested users can add it to their frontpage by subscribing to it. For example, as of May 2015, the Wikipedia subreddit – subtitled "the most interesting pages on Wikipedia" – has over 151,000 subscribers.[22] Reddit comments and submissions are occasionally abbreviated and peppered with terms that are understood within (and in many cases also outside) the Reddit community, ranging from OP (for "original poster" – the user who posted the submission being commented upon) to NSFW (for "not safe for work" – indicating the post has graphic or sexually explicit content).[23] Users earn "post karma" and "comment karma" for submitting text posts, link posts, and comments, which accumulate as point values on their user profile. "Post karma" refers to karma points received from text and link posts, while "comment karma" refers to karma points received from comments. Users may also be gifted "Reddit gold" if another user has well received the comment or post, generally due to humorous or high-quality content; this process is known as "gilding." Reddit has also created a system of points called "creddits". Reddit gold "creddits" are like gift certificates: each creddit you have allows you to give one month of Reddit gold to someone else. The points do not lead to a prize as they are meant to stand in as a badge of honor for the user among their peers, although redditors have attempted to redeem their points before.[24]
Reddit also allows submissions that do not link externally. These are called "self posts" or "text submissions". Many discussion-based subreddits allow only text-only submissions such as "AskReddit" – where users are only allowed to pose broad, discussion based questions to the community at large. Self posts previously did not accumulate karma points for the submitter, but as of July, 2016, these text-only posts generate karma.[25] Mister Splashy Pants logo used on November 27, 2007
Reddit communities occasionally coordinate Reddit-external projects such as skewing polls on other websites, such as in 2007 when Greenpeace allowed web users to decide the name of a humpback whale it was tracking. Reddit users voted en masse to name the whale "Mr. Splashy Pants", and Reddit administrators further encouraged this by changing the site logo to a whale during the voting. In December of that year, Mister Splashy Pants was announced as the winner of the competition.[26]
Within the site, redditors commemorate their "cake day" once a year, which is the anniversary of the day the user's account was first created. The "cake day" offers no special benefit, except that a small icon representing a slice of cake appears next to that user's name for 24 hours.[27] Redditors can "friend" one another, which gives a redditor quick access to posting and comments of their friend list. The commenting system and friend system, along with a certain "Reddit ethos" (called reddiquette on Reddit), lend Reddit aspects of a social networking service, though not to the extent of Facebook, Google+, and other websites aimed at providing social networking services. The Reddit community also socializes at meetups held at local parks and bars around the world,[28] and many localized subreddits for local in-person meetings exist. Subreddits
Reddit entries are organized into areas of interest called "subreddits". Originally, the front page was the "main-reddit", and other areas were "subreddits". There is now no longer a single main-reddit. Instead, there are now 50 "default subreddits" dealing with topics such as books, television, and music, and thousands of additional non-default subreddits. The default subreddits are the 50 subreddits which are first recommended to new users to select from to appear on, or via their customizable top menu bars. All new users are initially automatically "subscribed to" the 50 default subreddits, but can then customize their "subscriptions."
Any registered user who has maintained an account for 31 days or more may create a non-default subreddit.[29] There are over 11,400 active total subreddits to peruse,[15][16][17] including the default set of 50 subreddits as of February 2016. The site has a default "Front Page" which contains staff selected popular articles, and also an "All Page" which contains only the very top ranked article/ subreddits as ranked by readers themselves, and which page is accessible via an "All" link at the top of the "Front Page."
In an interview with Memeburn, Reddit GM, Martin noted that the platform's "approach is to give the community moderators or curators as much control as possible so that they can shape and cultivate the type of communities they want".[30] IAmA and AMA
One of the most popular subreddits is IAmA ("I Am A") where a user may post "AMAs" (for "Ask Me Anything"), or similarly "AMAAs" (for "Ask Me Almost/Absolutely Anything") – prompts for others to ask questions about any topic. AMAs are open to all Reddit users, and use the site's comment system for both questions and answers; it is similar to a press conference but online. This subreddit was founded in May 2009.[31] From 2013 to 2015, Victoria Taylor assisted reddit's volunteer community in presenting interviews.[32][33][34]
A number of notable individuals have participated in the IAmA subreddit, including United States President Barack Obama[35][36] (while campaigning for the 2012 election), Dave Grohl,[37] Madonna,[38] Chris Hadfield[39] (who answered questions from the International Space Station), Bill Gates,[40] Ron Paul,[41] Stephen Colbert,[42] Psy, Enya, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Rachel Maddow, Robin Williams,[43] Renée Fleming, M. Shadows, Louis C.K., Roger Federer, Larry King, Philip Zimbardo, Bill Nye,[44] Stan Lee, John Mather, David Copperfield, Michael Moore, Spike Lee, Paul Krugman, Danny Boyle, rapper J. Cole,[45] Al Gore, Roger Ebert, Michael Bolton, Gary Johnson, Lawrence Krauss, Jill Stein, Kevin Rudd, Julie Benz,[46] Amanda Palmer,[47] Tim Ferriss,[48] Gordon Ramsay,[49] Peter Dinklage,[50] Chandra Wickramasinghe,[51] Neil deGrasse Tyson,[52] and Bernie Sanders.[53] Donald Trump (during his 2016 Presidential Campaign) had an AMA on /The Donald subreddit.[54] As of April 2015, Barack Obama's AMA is the highest rated on the site;[55] the increased traffic brought down many parts of the website when the AMA occurred on August 29, 2012.[56]
Celebrities participating in IAmAs have seen both positive and negative responses. Woody Harrelson's[57] AMA was criticized after Harrelson declined to answer questions that were unrelated to the movie Rampart he was promoting.[58] In contrast, rapper Snoop Dogg attracted 1.6 million page views[59] after conducting an AMA that provided several candid responses to the community's questions.[60]
Other than Harrelson's, Bollywood actress Priyanka Chopra's[61] AMA was criticized for evasiveness when she focused on promoting her upcoming album to the detriment of other questions. A particularly well received AMA of 2014 was that of Peter Dinklage,[62] best known for his role as Tyrion Lannister in the HBO drama series Game of Thrones. Redditors attribute the thread's success to the thoroughness of his responses and the fact that he stayed online much longer than he was expected to so he could spend more time with his fans. The actor departed by commenting:
This feels like being interviewed by a hundred thousand news anchors at once! But much friendlier anchors...who seem to know their material...I really appreciate everyone's enthusiasm and questions. I tried to move another engagement to make more time but it's really hard during shoots. I am going to try to answer a few more short ones now. And remember: If you see me on the street and want a photo, ask! It's just weird when your kid asks for directions.[63] 
On July 2, 2015, hundreds of subreddits, including several with over a million subscribers, were set to private by their respective moderators after Reddit's director of talent, Victoria Taylor, was dismissed.[64][65][66][67] Sources close to Reddit cited an increased focus on commercializing AMAs as the most likely reason.[68][69] /science File:American Chemical Society - What Chemists Do - Nathan Allen.webmPlay media Nathan Allen speaks about /science to the American Chemical Society Main article: /science
/science is an Internet forum on Reddit where the community of participants discuss science topics.[70] A popular feature of the forum is "Ask me Anything" (AMA) public discussions.[70] As of 2014, /science attracted 30,000–100,000 visitors per day, making it the largest community-managed science forum and an attractive place to host discussions.[70] April Fools subreddits The Button Main article: The Button (Reddit)
On April Fools' Day 2015, a social experiment was launched in the form of a subreddit called "thebutton". It featured a button and a 60-second countdown timer. User accounts created before that day were eligible to participate. A user could only ever click the button once, or opt not to click it. If a user clicked the button the timer was globally reset to 60 seconds,[71] and the user's "flair" (an icon next to the user's name) changed color. Colors were assigned based on a gradient from purple to red with purple signifying up to 60 seconds and red as low as 0 seconds. The countdown prematurely reached zero several times due to technical problems but eventually expired without further problems on June 5, 2015, after which the subreddit was archived.[72] Robin
On April Fools' Day 2016, a social experiment was launched in the form of a chat widget named Robin. After clicking the "Robin" button, an IRC-like chat window was initially opened with one other redditor and giving a certain time to pick between three options, "Grow," "Stay" and "Abandon".[73] "Grow" would join the chat with another group, "Stay" would close the group chat and create a subreddit with that group as moderators and "Abandon" would close the group chat and everyone goes back to a group of two. History Further information: Timeline of Reddit Co-founder Alexis Ohanian speaking in 2009
In June 2005,[74] Reddit was founded in Medford, Massachusetts by Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian, both 22-year-old graduates of the University of Virginia.[75] The team expanded to include Christopher Slowe in November 2005. Between November 2005 and January 2006 Reddit merged with Aaron Swartz's company Infogami, and Swartz became an equal owner of the resulting parent company, Not A Bug.[76][77] Condé Nast Publications, owner of Wired, acquired Reddit on October 31, 2006, and the team moved to San Francisco.[78] In January 2007, Swartz was fired.[79]
By the end of 2008, the team had grown to include Erik Martin, Jeremy Edberg,[80] David King,[81] and Mike Schiraldi.[82] In 2009, Huffman and Ohanian moved on to form Hipmunk, recruiting Slowe[83] and King[84] shortly thereafter. In May 2010, Reddit was named in Lead411's "2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies" list.[85] In July 2010, after explosive traffic growth, Reddit introduced Reddit Gold, offering new features for a price of $3.99/month or $29.99/year.[86] Reddit Gold adds a number of features to the interface, including the ability to display more comments on a page, access to the private "lounge" subreddit, and notifications whenever one's username is mentioned in a comment. It's also possible to endow comments or submissions of other users and thereby give a gold membership to them as an anonymous present.[87]
On September 6, 2011, Reddit became operationally independent of Condé Nast, now operating as a separate subsidiary of its parent company, Advance Publications.[88] On January 11, 2012, Reddit announced that it would be participating in a 12-hour sitewide blackout in protest of the Stop Online Piracy Act.[89] The blackout occurred on January 18 and coincided with the blackouts of Wikipedia and several other websites. In May 2012, Reddit joined the Internet Defense League, a group formed to organize future protests.[90] On February 14, 2013, Reddit began accepting the digital currency bitcoin for its Reddit Gold subscription service through a partnership with bitcoin payment processor Coinbase.[91]
In October 2014, Reddit announced Redditmade, a service which allowed moderators to create merchandise for their subreddits. Redditmade closed in February 2015.[92] In November 2014, Chief Executive Yishan Wong resigned and co-founder Ohanian returned as the full-time executive chairman. Ellen Pao, Reddit's business and partnerships strategist became the interim chief executive.[93] On July 10, 2015, Pao resigned and was replaced by Steve Huffman as CEO.[94][95]
In October 2015, Reddit announced a news portal called Upvoted, designed to broaden the reach of Reddit as a standalone site featuring editorial content from Reddit users.[96] In April 2016, Reddit launched a new blocking tool in an attempt to curb online harassment. The tool allows a user to hide posts and comments from selected redditors in addition to blocking private messages from those redditors.[97] The option to block a redditor is done by clicking a button in the inbox. Technology
Reddit was originally written in Common Lisp but was rewritten in Python in December 2005.[4] The reasons given for the switch were wider access to code libraries and greater development flexibility. The Python web framework that former Reddit employee Swartz developed to run the site, web.py, is now available as an open-source project.[98] On June 18, 2008, Reddit became an open source project.[99] With the exception of the anti-spam/cheating portions, all of the code and libraries written for Reddit became freely available on GitHub.[100] As of November 10, 2009, Reddit uses Pylons as its web framework.[101]
As of November 10, 2009, Reddit has decommissioned their physical servers and migrated to Amazon Web Services.[102] Reddit uses PostgreSQL as their primary datastore and is slowly moving to Apache Cassandra, a column-oriented datastore. It uses RabbitMQ for offline processing, HAProxy for load balancing and memcached for caching. In early 2009, Reddit started using jQuery.[103] On June 7, 2010, Reddit staff launched a revamped mobile interface featuring rewritten CSS, a new color scheme, and a multitude of improvements.[104]
On July 21, 2010, Reddit outsourced the Reddit search engine to Flaptor, who used its search product IndexTank.[105] As of July 12, 2012, Reddit uses Amazon CloudSearch.[106] There are several unofficial applications that use the Reddit API in the Google Play store, and F-Droid repository. Examples include: Reddit is Fun,[107] Andreddit,[108] F5, BaconReader,[109] Reddit Sync[110] and an Android tablet specific application called Reddita.[111] There are also several Windows apps used to access Reddit, including unofficial Reddit apps such as ReddHub[112] and Reddit To Go!.[113] An unofficial desktop application Reditr[114] exists that is compatible with Windows, OS X, Linux and ChromeOS.
There are several Reddit applications for iOS. These include Karma, Upvote, iReddit, iPad-specific applications such as Reddzine and Biscuit, and, until April 2016, Alien Blue.[115] In September 2014, an official mobile application for browsing AMA (Ask Me Anything) threads was released for the iOS and Android platforms under the name Ask me Anything.[116] In October 2014, Alien Blue was acquired by Reddit and became the official iOS Reddit app.[117] In April 2016, Reddit released an official application called Reddit: The Official App, which is available on Google Play and the iOS App Store, and Alien Blue was removed from the App Store in favor of the new app.[118] Demographics
According to Reddit's Audience and Demographics page, as of December 2015, 53% of redditors are male and 54% are from the United States.[119] In 2013, Pewinternet stated that 6% of all American adult Internet users have used Reddit; that males were twice as likely to be redditors as females were; and that Reddit's largest age bracket was between the ages of 18 and 29.[120] As of the end of 2016, Reddit is the only major social media platform that does not have a female majority user base.[121] Community and culture
The website is known for its open nature and diverse user community that generate its content.[122] Its demographics allows for wide-ranging subject areas, or main subreddits, that receive much attention, as well as the ability for smaller subreddits to serve more niche purposes. For example, the University of Reddit, a subreddit that exists to communally teach, emerged from the ability to enter and leave the online forum, the "classroom", at will, and classes ranging from computer science to music, to fine art theory exist.[123] The unique possibilities that subreddits provide create new opportunities for raising attention and fostering discussion across many areas. In gaining popularity in terms of unique users per day, Reddit has been a platform for many to raise publicity for a number of causes. And with that increased ability to garner attention and a large audience, users can use one of the largest communities on the Internet for new, revolutionary, and influential purposes.[124]
Its popularity has enabled users to take unprecedented advantage of such a large community. Its innovative socially ranked rating and sorting system drives a method that is useful for fulfilling certain goals of viewership or simply finding answers to interesting questions. User sentiments about the website's function and structure include feelings about the breadth and depth of the discussions on Reddit and how the site makes it easy to discover new and interesting items. Almost all of the user reviews on Alexa.com, which rates Reddit's monthly unique traffic rating 125th in the United States, mention Reddit's "good content" as a likable quality. However, others raise the negative aspects of the potential for Reddit's communities to possess a "hive mind" of sorts,[125] embodying some negative aspects of group interaction theories like crowd psychology and collective consciousness. Philanthropic efforts
Reddit has been known as the instigator of several charity projects, some short and others long-term, in order to benefit others. A selection of major events are outlined below:
In early October 2010, a story was posted on Reddit about a seven-year-old girl, Kathleen Edward, who was in the advanced stages of Huntington's disease. The girl's neighbors were taunting her and her family. Redditors banded together and gave the girl a shopping spree[126][127] at Tree Town Toys, a toy store local to the story owned by a Reddit user. In early December 2010, members of the Christianity subreddit decided to hold a fundraiser[128] and later members of the atheism subreddit decided to give some friendly competition,[129] cross-promoting[130] fundraising drives for Doctors Without Borders and World Vision's Clean Water Fund, respectively. Later, the Islam subreddit joined in, raising money for Islamic Relief. In less than a week, the three communities (as well as the Reddit community at large) raised over $50,000.[131] Most of this was raised by the atheism subreddit, though the smaller Christianity subreddit had a higher average donation amount per subscriber.[132] A similar donation drive in 2011 saw the atheism subreddit raise over $200,000 for charity.[133] Reddit started the largest Secret Santa program in the world, which is still in operation to date. For the 2010 Holiday season, 92 countries were involved in the Secret Santa program. There were 17,543 participants, and $662,907.60 was collectively spent on gift purchases and shipping costs.[134][135][136] In 2014, about 200,000 users from 188 countries participated.[137] Several celebrities have participated in the program, including Bill Gates[138] and Snoop Dogg.[139] Eventually, the Secret Santa program expanded to various other occasions through Redditgifts. Members from Reddit donated over $600,000 to DonorsChoose in support of Stephen Colbert's March to Keep Fear Alive. The donation spree broke previous records for the most money donated to a single cause by the Reddit community and resulted in an interview with Colbert on Reddit.[140] Reddit users donated $185,356 to Direct Relief for Haiti after an earthquake devastated the nation in January 2010.[141] Reddit users donated over $70,000 to the Faraja Orphanage in the first 24 hours to help secure the orphanage after intruders robbed and attacked one of the volunteers, who survived a strike to the head from a machete.[142] In October 2012, "Shitty Watercolour", a popular Redditor known for posting watercolor paintings on the website,[143][144][145] streamed live a 12-hour painting session on YouTube to raise money for charity: water, a non-profit organization which aims to provide potable drinking water in developing countries. Redditors donated a minimum of $10 to have a photo of their choice painted in a 5 by 5 centimetres (2.0 by 2.0 in) square section of large sheets of paper.[146][147] The paint-a-thon raised $2,700.[148] In February 2014, Reddit announced it would be donating 10% of its annual ad revenue to non-profits voted upon by its users.[149] Reddit continued this policy for 2015, donating $82,765 each to Electronic Frontier Foundation, Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Doctors Without Borders, Erowid Center, Wikimedia Foundation, Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, NPR, Free Software Foundation, Freedom From Religion Foundation, and Tor Project.[150] In response to the 2015 Nepal earthquake, redditors raised more than $145,000 for Direct Relief and more than $110,000 for MAP International.[151] 
Commercial activity
In February 2013, Betabeat published a post that recognized the influx of multi-national corporations like Costco, Taco Bell, Subaru, and McDonald's posting branded content on Reddit that was made to appear as if it was original content from legitimate Reddit users.[152] Reddit's former Director of Communications noted that while a large number of Chief Marketing Officers want to "infiltrate the reddit community on behalf of their brand," she emphasized that "self-promotion is frowned upon" and the site is "100 percent organic."[153][154][155][156] She recommended that advertisers design promotions that "spark conversations and feedback."[157] She recommended that businesses use AMAs to get attention for public figures but cautioned "It is important to approach AMAs carefully and be aware that this may not be a fit for every project or client."[158] Nissan ran a successful Branded content promotion offering users free gifts to publicize a new car,[159][160] though the company was later ridiculed for suspected astroturfing when the CEO only answered puff piece questions on the site.[161][162] Taylor described these situations as "high risk" noting "We try hard to educate people that they have to treat questions that may seem irreverent or out of left field the same as they would questions about the specific project they are promoting."[163]
Reddit's users are more privacy-conscious than on other websites, using tools like AdBlock and proxies,[164] and they hate "feeling manipulated by brands" but respond well to "content that begs for intelligent viewers and participants."[165] Lauren Orsini writes in ReadWrite that "Reddit's huge community is the perfect hype machine for promoting a new movie, a product release, or a lagging political campaign" but "very specific set of etiquette. Redditors don't want to advertise for you, they want to talk to you."[166] Journalists have used the site as a basis for stories, though they are advised by the site's policies to respect that "reddit's communities belong to their members" and to seek proper attribution for people's contributions.[167]
Reddit announced that they would begin using VigLink to redirect affiliate links in June 2016.[168] Reddit effect Main article: Slashdot effect
Also known as the "Slashdot effect", the Reddit effect occurs when a smaller website has a high influx of traffic after being linked to on Reddit.[169] It is also called the "Reddit Hug of Death" among the website's users. Because Reddit is such a large site, the traffic is immense and can easily crash smaller sites. In order for users to see crashed websites, several Reddit bots have been created that take a snapshot of the website before large amounts of traffic flood the affected website. "Restoring Truthiness" campaign
As a response to Glenn Beck's August 28, 2010, Restoring Honor rally (heavily promoted by him in his Fox News broadcasts during the summer), in September 2010 Reddit users started a movement to persuade satirist Stephen Colbert to have a counter-rally in Washington, D.C.[170] The movement, which came to be called "Restoring Truthiness", was started by user mrsammercer, in a post where he described waking up from a dream in which Stephen Colbert was holding a satirical rally in D.C.[171] He writes, "This would be the high water mark of American satire. Half a million people pretending to suspend all rational thought in unison. Perfect harmony. It'll feel like San Francisco in the late 60s, only we won't be able to get any acid."
The idea resonated with the Reddit community, which launched a campaign to bring the event to life. Over $600,000[172] was raised for charity to gain the attention of Colbert. The campaign was mentioned on-air several times, and when the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear was held in Washington, D.C. on October 30, 2010, thousands of redditors made the journey.[173]
During a post-rally press conference, Reddit co-founder Ohanian asked, "What role did the Internet campaign play in convincing you to hold this rally?" Jon Stewart responded by saying that, though it was a very nice gesture, the two had already thought of the idea prior and the deposit on using the National Mall was already paid during the summer, so it acted mostly as a "validation of what we were thinking about attempting".[174] In a message to the Reddit community, Colbert later added, "I have no doubt that your efforts to organize and the joy you clearly brought to your part of the story contributed greatly to the turnout and success."[175] Controversies See also: Controversial Reddit communities and Michael Brutsch
The website generally lets moderators on individual subreddits make editorial decisions about what content to allow, and has a history of permitting some subreddits dedicated to controversial content.[176] Many of the default pages are highly moderated, with the "science" subreddit banning climate change denialism,[177] and the "news" subreddit banning opinion pieces and columns.[178] Reddit has changed its site-wide editorial policies several times, sometimes in reaction to controversies.[179][180][181][182] Reddit has had a history of giving a platform to objectionable but legal content, and in 2011, news media covered the way that jailbait was being shared on the site before the site changed their policies to explicitly ban "suggestive or sexual content featuring minors".[183] Following some controversial incidents of Internet vigilantism, Reddit introduced a strict rule against the publication of non-public personally-identifying information via the site (colloquially known as doxxing). Those who break the rule are subject to a site-wide ban, and their posts and even entire communities may be removed for breaking the rule. 2010
On December 16, 2010, a redditor named Matt posted a link describing how he has donated a kidney, and included a JustGive link to encourage users to give donations to the American Cancer Society.[184] After an initially positive reaction, Reddit users began to become suspicious of Matt's intentions, and suggested that he was keeping the donations for himself. Users telephoned his home and he received death threats. Matt eventually proved that he was genuine by uploading his doctor's records.[185] 2011
On October 18, 2011, an IT manager submitted a post to the subreddit "gameswap" offering Redditors to trade one of 312 codes he had been given for the game Deus Ex: Human Revolution.[186] A group of users obtained his personal details, and began to blackmail him for the codes.[187] The Monday after uploading the post, he received 138 threatening phone calls both at home and at his job, and by the end of the day he had been fired.[188] 2013
Following the 2013 Boston Marathon bombings, Reddit faced criticism after users wrongly identified a number of people as suspects.[189] Notable among misidentified bombing suspects was Sunil Tripathi, a student reported missing before the bombings took place. A body reported to be Sunil's was found in Providence River in Rhode Island on April 25, 2013, according to Rhode Island Health Department. The cause of death was not immediately known, but authorities said they did not suspect foul play.[190] The family later confirmed Tripathi's death was a result of suicide.[191] Reddit general manager Martin later issued an apology for this behavior, criticizing the "online witch hunts and dangerous speculation" that took place on the website.[192] The incident was later referenced in the season 5 episode of the CBS TV series The Good Wife titled "Whack-a-Mole,"[193] as well as The Newsroom.[194][195]
In late October 2013, the moderators of the "politics" subreddit banned a large group of websites. Many were left wing opinion websites, such as Mother Jones, The Huffington Post, Salon, Alternet, Rawstory, The Daily Kos, Truthout, Media Matters, and ThinkProgress as well as some popular progressive blog sites, such as Democratic Underground and Crooks and Liars. They also banned a number of right wing sites—Drudge Report, Breitbart, The Daily Caller, Dailypaul, Power Line, and Reason. Salon reported that "the section's moderators explained in a post on Tuesday, the goal is 'to reduce the number of blogspam submissions and sensationalist titles.' The purge, the moderators explained, is also aimed at sites that provide lots of "bad journalism."[196] The December 2013 list of banned websites has been modified since late October, and sites with original content, such as Mother Jones and The Huffington Post, are allowed.[197] Moderators also banned RT, which moderators stated was due to vote manipulation and spam, though one moderator stated that he wanted RT banned because it is Kremlin backed.[198][199] 2014
In August 2014, photos from the 2014 celebrity photo hack were widely disseminated across the site.[200][201] A dedicated subreddit, "TheFappening," was created for this purpose,[202] and contained links to most if not all of the criminally obtained explicit images.[203][204][205][206][207] Some images of Liz Lee and McKayla Maroney from the leak were identified by redditors and outside commentators as child pornography because the photos were taken when the women were underage.[208] The subreddit was banned on September 6.[209] The scandal led to wider criticisms concerning the website's administration from The Verge and The Daily Dot.[210][211]
Also in August 2014, moderators and administrators censored a sizeable amount of content related to the GamerGate controversy; one thread in the "gaming" subreddit had almost 24,000 comments removed.[212] Multiple subreddits were deleted by administrators for voicing opinions on Zoe Quinn, Anita Sarkeesian, Brianna Wu and similarly important GamerGate controversy figures.[213] The subreddit "ZoeQuinnDiscussion" was banned for violating the Reddit rules.[214] Administrators defended this response when questioned, blaming 4chan for raiding threads and causing harm. This was debated by some redditors.[215] An anonymous subreddit moderator claims he was removed for leaking correspondence between himself and Zoe Quinn.[216] On December 18, 2014, Reddit took the unusual step of banning a subreddit, "SonyGOP," that was being used to distribute hacked Sony files.[217] 2015
After Ellen Pao became CEO, she was initially a target of criticism by users who objected to her lawsuit.[218] Later on June 10, 2015, Reddit shut down the 150,000-subscriber "fatpeoplehate" subreddit and four others citing issues related to harassment.[219] This move was seen as very controversial; some commenters said that the bans went too far, while others said that the bans did not go far enough.[220] One of the latter complaints concerned a subreddit that was "expressing support" for the perpetrator of the Charleston church shooting.[221] Responding to the accusations of "skewed enforcement", Reddit reaffirmed their commitment to free expression and stated that "There are some subreddits with very little viewership that get highlighted repeatedly for their content, but those are a tiny fraction of the content on the site."
On July 2, 2015, Reddit began experiencing a series of blackouts as moderators set popular subreddit communities to private, in an event dubbed "AMAgeddon," a portmanteau of AMA ("ask me anything") and Armageddon. This was done in protest of the recent firing of Victoria Taylor, an administrator who helped organize citizen-led interviews with famous people on the popular "Ask me Anything" subreddit. Organizers of the blackout also expressed resentment about the recent severance of the communication between Reddit and the moderators of subreddits.[222] The blackout intensified on July 3 when former community manager David Croach gave an AMA about being fired. Before deleting his posts, he stated that Ellen Pao dismissed him with one year of health coverage when he had cancer and did not recover quickly enough.[223][224] Following this, a Change.org petition to remove Pao as CEO of Reddit Inc. reached over 200,000 signatures.[225][226][227] Pao posted a response on July 3 as well as an extended version of it on July 6 in which she apologized for bad communication and not delivering on promises. She also apologized on behalf of the other administrators and noted that problems already existed over the past several years.[228][229][230][231] On July 10, Pao resigned as CEO and was replaced by former CEO and co-founder Steve Huffman.[94][232]
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